The Republic of Macedonia guarantees the rights of its citizens
regardless of ethnic, cultural, or religious affinity.
1991 Census - Ethnic Composition
Total Population of the Republic of Macedonia: 2, 033, 964
The following are some excerpts from the Constitution of the
Republic of Macedonia - which guarantees equal human rights for
all of its citizens.
Macedonia - Constitution - Chapter II Basic Freedoms
and Rights of the Individual and Citizen
Part 1 Civil and Political Freedoms and Rights
(1) Citizens of the Republic of Macedonia are equal in their freedoms and rights, regardless of sex,
race, color of skin, national and social origin, political and religious beliefs, property and social
(2) All citizens are equal before the Constitution and law.
(1) The freedom of personal conviction, conscience, thought and public expression of thought is
(2) The freedom of speech, public address, public information and the establishment of institutions
for public information is guaranteed.
(3) Free access to information and the freedom of reception and transmission of information are
(4) The right of reply via the mass media is guaranteed.
(5) The right to a correction in the mass media is guaranteed.
(6) The right to protect a source of information in the mass media is guaranteed.
(7) Censorship is prohibited.
(1) The freedom of religious confession is guaranteed.
(2) The right to express one's faith freely and publicly, individually or with others is guaranteed.
(3) The Macedonian Orthodox Church and other religious communities and groups are free to
establish schools and other social and charitable institutions, by ways of a procedure regulated by
(1) Citizens are guaranteed freedom of association to exercise and protect their political, economic,
social, cultural and other rights and convictions.
(2) Citizens may freely establish associations of citizens and political parties, join them or resign from
(3) The programs and activities of political parties and other associations of citizens may not be
directed at the violent destruction of the constitutional order of the Republic, or at encouragement or
incitement to military aggression or ethnic, racial or religious hatred or intolerance.
(4) Military or paramilitary associations which do not belong to the Armed Forces of the Republic
of Macedonia are prohibited.
(1) Citizens have the right to assemble peacefully and to express public protest without prior
announcement or a special license.
(2) The exercise of this right may be restricted only during a state of emergency or war.
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Created and maintained by Bill Nicholov