Map of United Macedonia
Excerpt from: Makedonski Icelenuchki Almanac '97 1
Important Dates in Macedonian History
C. 653 B.C.
King Perdiccas I establishes the Macedonian Kingdom.
Significant military and financial reforms carried out during the reign of Phillip II,
determining the geographical, historical, and ethnic boundaries
Reign of Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. Macedonia reaches
the peak of its military power. He spreads Macedonian culture to
215-205, 200-193, 171-167 B.C.
Macedonian - Roman wars. Macedonia falls under Roman rule.
The Byzantine Emperor establishes the town of Justiniana Prima (in
the vicinity of Skopje), an important church (archbishop's seat)
and political centre in the Balkans.
End of 6th and beginning of 7th centuries
Slavs settle the territory of Macedonia.
The brothers Cyril and Methody create the first Slavonic alphabet.
Clement comes to Macedonia, spreads Christianity in the Slavonic
language and founds the Ohrid Literary School.
The sons of komes Nicholas (David, Moses, Aaron, and
Samuil) rebel against Bulgarian authority and establish the
medieval Macedonian state, which in 997 becomes the Macedonian
Battle of Mount Belasica. The army of the Macedonian Tsar Samuil
is defeated by the Byzantines.
The Macedonian Empire falls under Byzantine rule.
Insurrection against Byzantine authority led by Petar Deljan.
Gjorgji Vojteh's insurrection based in Macedonia.
The Battle of Marica and penetration of the Turks into the
Macedonia falls under Turkish domination. King Marko dies in a
battle near Rovin.
The Mariovo - Prilep Rebellion, the first known rebellion of the
The Karpos Uprising, insurrection of the Macedonian people
against the Turks in the Kriva Palanka and Kumanovo regions.
The Abolition of the Archbishopric of Ohrid by an irade of the
Sultan under the pressure of the Greek Patriarchate of
The Negus Uprising, insurrection of the Macedonians for
liberation in the Aegean part of Macedonia.
The Razlovci Uprising, insurrection in eastern Macedonia which
heralded the national liberation struggle.
The Macedonian Kresna Uprising, insurrection which adopted a
constitution known as The Rules of the Macedonian Uprising
Establishment of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary
Organization. Gotse Delchev joins the Organization.
Foundation of the Slavonic - Macedonian Scholarly Literary
Society in St. Petersburg, Russia.
The Ilinden Uprising and the ten days of the Krushevo Republic.
Establishment and activity of the Popular Federal Party.
The Balkan Wars and Macedonia's partition with the Peace Treaty
The First World War.
The Treaty of Versailles sanctions the partition of Macedonia.
The May Manifesto, resolution of the Communist Party of
Yugoslavia on the right of the Macedonian people to self-
The establishment of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary
The Fourth Nationwide Conference of the Communist Party of
Yugoslavia. This passed a decision on the establishment of a
national party in Macedonia.
Establishment and ideational-political formation of the MANAPO
(Macedonian National Movement).
Foundation of the Macedonian Literary Society in Sofia by
outstanding Macedonian writers.
The Fifth Nationwide Conference of the Communist Party of
Yugoslavia. This passed a resolution on the equality and self-
determination of the Macedonian people.
The Second World War.
Macedonia's participation in the Second World War (National
Liberation War of Macedonia).
Proclomation of the Macedonian state. (August 2).
Formation of the first government of the People's Republic of
Macedonia (April 16).
Adoption of the Macedonian alphabet.
Start of university education in Macedonian (Faculty of
Adoption of the first constitution of the People's Republic of
Foundation of the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Proclomation of the autocephalous Macedonian Orthodox Church
(Restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid).
Referendum on a sovereign and independent state (September 8).
Adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
Macedonia is admitted to the United Nations.
Macedonia becomes a member of the Council of Europe.
Prepared by the Institute of National History
Click here for a chronology of the rule of Greece in Aegean Macedonia
- Makedonski Icelenuchki Almanac '97, Matitsa na Icelenitsite od Makedonija;
Skopje: 1997; p. 39-41
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